Write the formulas and names of linear alkanes with fewer than ten carbons.

Solution

The first four alkanes are named with the prefixes met- (C1), et- (C2), prop- (C3), but- (C4) ending the name with the suffix -ane .

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The other six linear alkanes are named with the Greek prefixes pent- (C5), hex- (C6), hept- (C7), oct- (C8), non- (C9), and dec- (C10) indicating the number of carbons, ending the name with the suffix -ane .

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