Stereoselective reaction

A reaction that leads predominantly to one stereoisomer is stereoselective. Radical halogenations of diastereotopic hydrogens generate diastereoisomers in different amounts, therefore they are said to be stereoselective reactions.
Stereospecific reaction
A reaction that leads exclusively to a particular stereoisomer is said to be stereospecific. In the subject of substitutions and eliminations we will see that SN2 is a reaction that gives only one of the possible stereoisomers, therefore it is a stereospecific reaction.
The halogenation of enantiotopic hydrogens leads to a mixture of enantiomers in equal amounts, therefore it lacks any selectivity.

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